A Rundown of “Duty To Inform” Laws in All 50 States

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A Rundown of

A Rundown of "Duty To Inform" Laws in All 50 States

By James England – Republished with Permission from Concealed Nation.

If you followed a previous article where we highlighted the plight of Brian Fletcher, there’s a big question looming as to whether or not you have a duty to inform law enforcement (or anyone) as to whether or not you are carrying without first being asked.

We take a state-by-state look at each state’s gun laws to find out who you have a duty to inform andwhenThis only applies to a person with the state’s designated version of a license or permit to carry a concealed firearm (or weapon, as the term applies) or granted reciprocity therein to do so.

  • We are not covering open carry.
  • We are not covering what happens if you are in violation of a crime.
  • We are covering if you are legally obliged to inform law enforcement as to your legal concealment of a firearmwithout first being asked.
  • If you are in a state where firearms registration is required as a condition to receive a permit, or are required to have a permit to acquire, or any of the other convoluted mechanisms prior to being a legal, concealed carrier in that state – this list assumes you have lawfully completed those conditions.  So if you have not completed those processes, this list isn’t for you.
  • This article is written (and researched) from the perspective that if you are:
    1. Legally allowed to conceal a firearm AND
    2. …You are stopped by law enforcement THEN
    3. Are you required to inform them you have a concealed firearm on your person?
  • Duty To Inform is taken to mean, in the context of this article, a specific lawful duty to inform a member of law enforcement without being asked first.
  • This does not include the provision “if asked”.
  • If you are asked, you are legally required to produce your valid concealed carry permit.

This is a longer article – so for ease, we’ve included a hyperlinked list of all 50 states and the District of Columbia so you can zoom to your state of interest.

Read Also: How To Have Good CCW Interactions With Law Enforcement

Disclaimer:  WE ARE NOT ATTORNEYS.  We don’t pretend to be attorneys.  We’re just citing laws as they’re written.  This guide is current as of July 26, 2015 and links cited all direct to the specific portions of each state’s law as it pertains to their firearms laws.  This guide is meant as light reference AND SHOULD NEVER BE CONSTRUED AS BONA FIDE LEGAL ADVICE.  You, personally, should review each state’s laws thoroughly to ensure you have the right understanding for the various classifications.  Many laws change annually or sooner depending upon legislative sessions and the results of judicial courts.

Duty to Inform

AlabamaIf Asked (No known duty to inform law enforcement)
AlaskaYes (Always)
Arizona – If Asked (If Asked – Yes)
ArkansasYes – When Asked For Identification
CaliforniaYes For Some CountiesIf Asked Otherwise (No known duty)
Colorado – If Asked (No known duty to inform law enforcement)
Connecticut – If Asked (No known duty to inform law enforcement)
Delaware – If Asked (See *NOTES)
District of Columbia – If Asked (No known duty to inform law enforcement; in flux!)
Florida – If Asked (No known duty to inform law enforcement)
GeorgiaNo (Police Cannot Detain You To Verify)
HawaiiUnknown At This Time (Essentially No-Permit State)
Idaho – If Asked (No known duty to inform law enforcement)
IllinoisIf Asked (See Notes* — Thank you, Illinois concealed carriers!)
IndianaIf Asked
Iowa – If Asked (No known duty to inform law enforcement)
Kansas – If Asked (Non-Resident, Residents have constitutional carry)
Kentucky – If Asked (LEOs Really Appreciate It If You DO)
LouisianaIf Under The Influence (See Notes)
MaineNo (Permitless Carriers – Yes; See Notes…)
Maryland – If Asked (No known duty to inform law enforcement)
Massachusetts – If Asked (No known duty to inform law enforcement)
MichiganYes (Always)
Minnesota – If Asked (No known duty to inform law enforcement)
Mississippi – If Asked (No known duty to inform law enforcement)
Missouri – If Asked (No known duty to inform law enforcement)
Montana – If Asked (No known duty to inform law enforcement)
NebraskaYes
Nevada – If Asked (No known duty to inform law enforcement)
New Hampshire – If Asked (No known duty to inform law enforcement)
New Jersey – If Asked (No known duty to inform law enforcement)
New Mexico – If Asked (No known duty to inform law enforcement)
New York – If Asked (see *Notes)
North CarolinaYes (see *Notes)
North Dakota – If Asked (No known duty to inform law enforcement)
OhioYes (Always)
OklahomaYes (Must also inform private property owner)
Oregon – If Asked (No known duty to inform law enforcement)
Pennsylvania – If Asked (No known duty to inform law enforcement)
Rhode IslandPlease Do!  If Asked…
South CarolinaYes
South Dakota – If Asked (No known duty to inform law enforcement)
Tennessee – If Asked (No known duty to inform law enforcement)
TexasYes – When Asked For Identification
Utah – If Asked (No known duty to inform law enforcement)
VermontConstitutional Carry
Virginia – If Asked (No known duty to inform law enforcement)
Washington – If Asked (No known duty to inform law enforcement)
West Virginia – If Asked (No known duty to inform law enforcement)
WisconsinIf Asked
Wyoming – If Asked (No known duty to inform law enforcement)